Vitamins are essential substances for each organism. They are naturally divided into two groups: water soluble and fat soluble. Vitamin D belongs to fat-soluble ones. Nowadays people take Vitamin D in two forms: vitamin D2 and D3.
There are a great many of cases when people take them wrongly and have serious problems with health. So, everyone should know the difference between vitamin D2 and vitamin D3.
3 Main Differences between Vitamin D3 and D2:
Vitamin D2 isn’t reproduced in the human body. It can be synthesized artificially from fungal and plant sources and be taken in the form of pills or liquid. Vitamin D3 is formed in the human skin by ultraviolet radiation.
Another difference between vitamin D3 and vitamin D (D2) is in the structure, in their side chains. The side chain of D2 contains a double bond between carbon 22 and 23, and the methyl group at carbon 24.
Overdose of D2 is more health-threatening than D3 overdose.
Both these vitamins are available in drugstores and can be bought without prescription. As a rule, a doctor recommends the right dosage. Unfortunately, there are a great many of cases when people buy D2 instead of D3. They just don’t know the difference between vitamin D and D3. They are unaware that these vitamins are not the same thing. It is important to know that they are different and should be taken with much care. Overdose can lead to unexpected consequences. It is especially dangerous to give the wrong dosage to small kids. Their bones are mild and need much of this vitamin.
But too large dosage can do much harm to their health. What do you need to know more about vitamin D? Perhaps, you’ve heard of these facts.
Anyway, this information should be born in mind by everyone to prevent possible health problems.
7 Important Things to Know About Vitamin D
Ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) is found in very small amounts in liver, fish oils, egg yolks, roe of sturgeon and salmon, butter, not low-fat dairy products, parsley, spinach. Vitamin D2 is poorly absorbed from dairy products due to the high content of phosphorus compounds. Vegetable products grown in greenhouse conditions have little amounts of this vitamin since greenhouse prevents the entry of ultraviolet rays to the plants.
Pro-vitamin D3 is synthesized in young people with fair skin best of all.
There is no great difference between vitamins D2 and D3 at the biological level.
Vitamin D can accumulate in the body that can lead to an overdose.
Vitamin D is contraindicated for people with active tuberculosis, diseases of the liver and biliary tract, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
Vitamin D should be taken from the first months of life to prevent rachitic and other bones problems.
Vitamin D affects the immune system, promoting immunosuppression, phagocytosis, and anti-tumor activity.
To get more vitamin D3 one should spend much time in the sun, but it shouldn’t be the hot sun in summer. It is not recommended to lie in the sun from 11.00 to 17.00 because ultraviolet is harmful at this time. Vitamin D2 is in food. That’s why proper nutrition is the main condition of rachitic, osteoporosis and other bones disorders prevention. In case of vitamin D deficiency it is strongly recommended to ask for medical help and not to try starting the therapy on your own. Awareness of the difference between vitamin D and vitamin D3 is the right way to quick recovery. Overdose of this vitamin, especially vitamin D2, can lead to dangerous consequences.
Knowing much about the pills you take can make your treatment effective.